- What did the Parthenon originally look like?
- What was inside the Parthenon?
- What happened to the Acropolis?
- How did they build Greek temples?
- Was the Acropolis bombed in ww2?
- Is the statue of Athena still in the Parthenon?
- When was the Parthenon destroyed?
- What happened to the Parthenon when the Venetians attacked the Ottomans?
- Why was the Parthenon built on the Acropolis?
- What’s the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?
- Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts?
- What was the war between Athens and Sparta called?
- Are they rebuilding the Parthenon?
- Who was Pericles and what did he do?
- How did Pericles strengthen democracy?
What did the Parthenon originally look like?
The gigantic statue was over 12 m high and made of carved ivory and gold – 1,140 kilos of gold, to be exact.
A basin of water sat in front of Athena to provide humidity, which preserved the ivory.
This obvious display of wealth and power sent a very clear message to the rest of the world..
What was inside the Parthenon?
A building from Athens’ golden age The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. … Inside the building stood a colossal image of Athena Parthenos, constructed of gold and ivory by Pheidias and probably dedicated in 438 BC.
What happened to the Acropolis?
In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis. To prevent further losses, the Athenians buried the remaining sculptures inside natural caves and built two new fortifications, one of the rock’s north side and one on its south.
How did they build Greek temples?
The first temples were mostly mud, brick, and marble structures on stone foundations. The columns and superstructure (entablature) were wooden, door openings and antae were protected with wooden planks. The mud brick walls were often reinforced by wooden posts, in a type of half-timbered technique.
Was the Acropolis bombed in ww2?
On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures….ParthenonArchitectural styleClassicalLocationAthens, GreeceConstruction started447 BCCompleted432 BC16 more rows
Is the statue of Athena still in the Parthenon?
The cult statue, begun in 447 BCE and dedicated in 438 BCE, would remain the great city’s symbol for a thousand years until, in Late Antiquity, it disappeared from the historical record, possibly taken to Constantinople and there later destroyed.
When was the Parthenon destroyed?
1687Indeed, it did not become a ruin until 1687, when, during the bombardment of the Acropolis by Venetians fighting the Turks, a powder magazine stored in the temple exploded and destroyed the centre of the building.
What happened to the Parthenon when the Venetians attacked the Ottomans?
In 1687, when Venetian forces that were part of a Holy League against the Ottoman Empire raided Athens, the Ottomans converted the Parthenon into an ammunition store as well as a shelter for women and children. … Many of the Parthenon’s marble friezes depict scenes from Greek legends.
Why was the Parthenon built on the Acropolis?
The Parthenon is part of the Acropolis of Athens in Athens, Greece. … The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens. Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE.
What’s the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?
What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. … Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.
Why can Athens be called a city of contrasts?
Athens can be called a city of contrasts because, people lived in small uncomfortable houses, but the city’s public buildings were large and spacious.
What was the war between Athens and Sparta called?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.
Are they rebuilding the Parthenon?
There is an ongoing restoration project of the Acropolis of Athens, especially the Parthenon Temple, by the Acropolis Restoration Service (YSMA). The restoration started back in 1830 with the foundation of the modern Greek state and is not finished yet.
Who was Pericles and what did he do?
Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
How did Pericles strengthen democracy?
Pericles strengthened democracy in Athens by paying public officials. Pericles expanded the empire by building a strong naval fleet.